Since in “Russian
Atlantis” № 3 a substantial material on Vladika Nestor (Anisimov) was
published, there was a feedback to my article on him by Alexander Cyrilovich
Karaulov, son of the manager director of “The House of Mercy” in Harbin, Cyril
Alexandrovich. Alexander Cyrilovich with the blessing of Bishop Ignatius of
Petropavlovsk and Kamchatka is a member of the
commission in charge of gathering materials leading to a canonization of
Metropolitan Nestor, the Apostle to Kamchatka, who also became famous and for
his good work in Manchuria.
the present moment I deem it important to throw some light on my position
concerning the statements that had come to my attention spoken by some people
who had never lived in Harbin. They assume that, since Vladika
Nestor became an intermediary in the correspondence between Harbin-Manchurian
Diocese and the Moscow Patriarchate which was concluded in July 1945 with the
Diocese’s acquiescence to Patriarch Alexis I, he allegedly spurred by that
activity a negative reaction among the Harbin immigration. According to the opinion of
one of them, who, by the way, has never lived in Harbin, the grudge of the immigrants about the submission
of the Diocese to Patriarch Alexis I could had been expressed so sharply that it
later may have become a reason for the mass arrests which happened in Manchuria starting from August 1945.
was in Harbin
till the end of October 1945. I knew that the immigrants in their majority
approved of the Diocese’s acquiescence to the Patriarch and that the preparation
for the act was done with the agreement of the ruling Hierarch Meletius and a
number of others Hierarchs, and not solely by Metropolitan Nestor without their
authorization. He was given the duty to take care of the correspondence without
any publicity, so not to provoke the Japanese authorities of Manchukuo in blocking the contacts with the Patriarch of
Moscow and all of Russia.
am also witness to the fact that the agents of SMERSH
during the interrogations in Harbin and the
USSR were not interested at
all in the attitudes of the arrested Harbin immigrants concerning the entering of
the Orthodox Diocese under the jurisdiction of Patriarch Alexis I. I know this
from my personal experience and from the testimonies of many Harbiners that had
been arrested in 1945.
brought this position of mine to the notice of the commission in charge of
collecting materials for canonization of Vladika Nestor through the
commission member A. K. Karaulov.
A department in the Secrete Service of the USSR
created during World War II and responsible for contra espionage. The acronym
(СМЕРШ - SMERSH) stands for
the Russian phrase – Смертъ Шпионам
(Death to the spies).