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Nikolai (Adoratsky)

English Translation by Igor Radev

Surname, Name, Patronymic: Adoratsky Peter Stepanovich

Rank: Bishop

Church Affiliation: Russian Orthodox Church

Biography

Nikolai (Adoratsky Peter Stepanovich), Bishop Orenburg and Ural.
He was born on September 15, 1849, into a family of an archpriest in the city of Kazan.
In 1874, he graduated from the Kazan Spiritual Seminary with a degree in Theology.
From December 2, 1874, he was an acolyte at the Embassy church in Vienna.
On June 2, 1876, he became a widower.
In 1880 he returned to Kazan and on November 23, 1881, he joined the Beijing Spiritual Mission.
On January 10, 1882, he received a monastic tonsure, and on January 24th, he was consecrated a hierodeacon, and on January 28th, a hieromonk.
On August 16, 1886, he returned to Russia and was appointed caretaker of Herson Spiritual School.
On October 16, 1887, he was appointed dean of Stavropol Spiritual Seminary, and on October 25th he was elevated to the rank of Archimandrite.
On January 7, 1888, he presented a thesis in Kazan on the history of the Beijing Spiritual Mission, and on February 22nd, he was honored with the magisterial degree in Theology.
On March 11, 1890, he was consecrated Bishop of Novomirgorod, Vicar of Herson Diocese. The rite of consecration was held in Saint Petersburg.
On June 8, 1891, he became Bishop of Alaska and the Aleutian.
On September 7, 1891, he became Bishop of Baltsk, Vicar of Podolie Diocese.
On October 22, 1895, he became Bishop of Orenburg and the Urals.
He reposed in 1896.
He was a writer of spiritual works. Leading an ascetic life, he was also very meek, gentle, and merciful, for which he was dearly loved and respected by the faithful. He was a fruitful writer of numerous compilations with spiritual content; he created a catalogue of Beijing Missionís library. He wholeheartedly devoted himself to collecting and examining the translation of liturgical books, and when he got familiar with the language, he himself translated the Sunday services of the Octoechos.

Works:

"Historical outline of the issue of religious freedom in contemporary Spain". Orthodox Dialogist. 1876, June-July, pg. 181-215, 264-270.
"Notes on late Archimandrite Palady, the Head of the Orthodox Mission in Beijing". Translated article. Orthodox Dialogist. 1884, August-September, pg. 373-390, September, pg. 103-108.
"The state of Orthodox mission in China". Orthodox Dialogist. 1885, May, pg. 68-96.
"Historical overview of the Catholic propaganda in China". Orthodox Dialogist. 1885, September, pg. 24-69.
"Father Yakinth Bichurin" — historical homage. Orthodox Dialogist. 1886, February, March, May.
"The Protestant propaganda in China and the contemporary persecutions of it and its mission". Orthodox Views. 1886, August.
"On the 50th Anniversary of Professor Vasilev", remark. New Time, 1886, № 3780, September 7th, Moscow Review, 1886, № 250, September 10th.
"Orthodoxy and Orthodox Mission in China" Contemporary Report. 1886, № 355, December 25th.
"The Orthodox church in Hankou in China". Field, 1887, № 1, The Day of Resurrection 1887, № 4 (including a picture)
"The Orthodox Mission in China for the last 200 years of its existence: The history of the Beijing Spiritual Mission in the first and second period of its activity". Orthodox Dialogist, 1887, February-November, Sojourner, 1887, April-May (the first four chapters).
"On the sources for the history of the Beijing Spiritual Mission". Speech given at a colloquium on January 7, 1888. Orthodox Dialogist, 1888, January.
"Speech before the beginning of the school year in the Stavropol Spiritual Seminary (1889)".

Bibliography:

Church Review. 1890, № 7, pg. 35, 1891, № 38, pg. 308, № 20, pg. 174, 1895, № 43, pg. 386.
Additions to the Church Review.  1890, № 11, pg. 362, 1905, № 16, 17, pg 734.
Church Journal. 1891, № 39, pg. 619, 1895, № 44, pg. 1407.
Russian Archive. 1893, book 3, pg. 82, paragraph 1, 2.
Bulletin of Kazan Diocese. 1881, № 24, pg. 641, 1882, № 6, pg. 104-105, 1897, № 1, pg. 12-18, 1903, № 16, pg. 15.
Bishop Kirion. "The Church and historical review of the establishment of Herson vicariate and its activities". Odessa, 1905.
"List of Hierarchs of the All-Russian Hierarchy" SPB, 1896, № 520, pg. 79.
Yudin P. A. "Article on Bishop Nikolai" Historical Journal. 1897.
Bulgakov, 1394, 1407, 1408, 1416.
BES tome II, pg. 1656, 1705
NES tome XXVIII, pg. 555
Remarks and additions E. M.

Duties and Places of Service

coworker
Russian Spiritual Mission in China

November 23, 1881 - 1886, XIX Century.

dean
Stavropol Spiritual Seminary

October 16, 1887 - 1890, XIX Century.

American

June 08/20, 1891 - September 07/19, 1891, XIX Century.

Baltsk

September 07/19, 1891 - October 22/November 03, 1895, XIX Century.