Orthodoxy in China totals more than three-century history. Russian
missionaries have brought the huge contribution to distribution of christianity
to the Median state, they were trailblazers domestic and world kitaevedenija, promoted
development of the Russian-Chinese attitudes. But among many known and
outstanding members of Spiritual Mission and figures of Russian Orthodox church
in China, undoubtedly, the person of metropolitan Beijing and Chinese Innokentija (Figurovskogo) is allocated.
Owing to a feat of the son of the rural priest from a deaf Siberian small
village it was possible to realize Peter's I dream and need of Russian society,
to execute mission Svt.
Innokentija Irkutsk - to
inform Orthodoxy to people of China and to put in pawn bases of the Chinese
Ivan Apollonovich Figurovsky was born on February, 22nd, 1863 in family of
priest Kiriko-Iulitinskoj of church of village Panovskogo of Apollo Iosifovicha
Figurovskogo and the wife of its Matron Gavrilovny. On February, 24th it was
kreshchen and is named by
a name in honour of John Krestitelja 1. God at Ivan Figurovskogo became the Yenisei petty
bourgeois Stepan Andreevich Kochnev and krestjanka villages Kovriginoj of volost Elovskoj
Eudoxia Nikolaevna Zubkova. The ancient Siberian village Panovskoe is located on
right I protect Angara, in 46 versts from Kezhemskogo volost board. At that time it was the
center of the arrival opened still in 1787 In family of priest Apollo
Kiriko-Iulitinskoj of church there were some children. All without exception
outstanding personalities and have brought the feasible contribution to
development of Orthodox church. So in history of the Yenisei diocese there were
names of senior brother Ivan Figurovskogo, Vasily Apollonovicha and nephews,
Alexander Vasilevicha and Ivan Vasilevicha. The candidate of divinity Ivan
Vasilevich Figurovsky was active participant Pomestnogo of the Cathedral of
Russian Orthodox Church in Moscow per 1917-1918
By time of a birth of Ivan Figurovskogo its parents were not so young, to the
mother 40 years were executed. In 1879 when Ivan Apollonovich studied in the
Tomsk theological seminary, Matron Gavrilovna ovdovela. Later the mother the Matron postriglas in a nunhood also
has got over to the son to Beijing where it, all esteemed inokinja Manefa, has died in 1911
Younger brother Ivan Apollonovicha - Paul Apollonovich Figurovsky in 1883 has
ended Krasnoyarsk spiritual school. It consisted as the novice at Arhierejskom the house and in
1885 has been appointed to a place psalomshchika the Krasnoyarsk cathedral. In the
further Paul Apollonovich Figurovsky has cast in the lot with China, served in
Port Arthur, in Harbin, in Beijing and Shanghai.
Ivan Figurovsky has received the Elementary education in Krasnoyarsk
spiritual school. In 1878, after the termination of school, it has
acted in the Tomsk theological seminary. In 1882, at transition in 5-th class,
Ivan Apollonovich has left under the application the Tomsk theological seminary
and has returned to the Yenisei province. In 1883 I.A.Figurovsky has been
certain on a post psalomshchika to Balahtinskoj Vvedenskoj churches Achinskogo of district. In
documents of church for the first time its signature appears on " the Search
marriage " from April, 24th, 1883 Soon, on November, 11th, 1883 Ivan
Apollonovich married the senior daughter of prior Vvedenskoj of church P.A. Simonov, 18-years Anna
Petrovne 2. Father-in-law Ivan Apollonovicha was among the most dear
and authoritative clerics of the Yenisei diocese, many years it were decent in
the district. But in some years P.A.Simonov was ill and has soon died, bishop
Yenisei read the burial service over it in a cathedral.
In 1884 Ivan Apollonovich Figurovsky has been imposed in priests in Derbinskoj Sacred Prophet Ilii
of church and has headed the small arrival located in mountains on coast of
Yenisei not far from Krasnoyarsk. In February, 1885 it has been moved from
verhne-eo?aaa?neee pokrovsky arrival. Ivan
sudeb and the church
heads, has got on the edge of Russian ground, further the village Verhne-Kuzhebarskogo up to the
border with China was not Russian settlements. verhne-eo?aaa?neo? pokrovskuju the church was constructed in 1854 by
immigrants of the Oryol province, Russian immigrants and made all population of
arrival. Ivan Apollonovich has appeared on border with China, but during this
period about missionary work among the population of the next empire of speech
did not go yet. In " the Report of Krasnoyarsk Eparchial Committee of the
Orthodox Missionary Society for 1901 " it was marked: "... The Chinese
citizens - pagans Sojoty
sometimes come; but mission of the Christian sermon in relation to them has no
fruits " 3. In the extreme south of the Yenisei province Ivan
Apollonovich Figurovsky worked not long, in the beginning 1886 " the Yenisei
eparchial sheets " have informed, that on December, 19th, 1885 " the Priest of
village Kuzhebarskogo, district Minusinskogo, John Figurovsky... It is deducted
from a post under the application " 4.
With 1886 begins a new stage of a life of Ivan Apollonovicha, it has left
Siberia and has left to study for capital. In May, 1886 priest I.A.Figurovsky
has been accepted in number of pupils of 4-th class in a theological seminary in
Petersburg which has ended in 1888 Then, in 1888 - 1892, Ivan Figurovsky
was the student of the Petersburg spiritual academy, during this period, in 1890
it was postrizhen in
monks and has accepted name Innokenty. In 1892 ieromonah Innokenty has received a degree of the candidate of
divinity and has been appointed to a post of the inspector of the
Aeaenaia?i-Neva spiritual school. In 1894 it has been imposed in a dignity of
archimandrite and became the rector of a theological seminary in Petersburg.
became the prior of a second-class monastery and in 1895 has been appointed in
missionary pokrovsky a
monastery in Moscow.
On September, 28th, 1896 " Under the decree of Its Imperial Majesty, the Most
the Synod had judgement " " to dismiss archimandrite Amfilohija, under the
application from a post of the Chief of the Beijing Spiritual Mission, to appoint
to its place, in this post, the prior Moscow pokrovskogo a missionary monastery of archimandrite
Innokentija " 5. Before the new chapter of Spiritual Mission in Beijing were
not put what or special problems. Archimandrite Innokenty should as well as to pass all its
predecessors through Siberia and Mongolia, to replace the chief of 17-th Mission
Amfilohija Lutovina and to take under the
trusteeship not numerous orthodox Chinese community, some hundreds person. In
October, 1896 the Synod even has had time to make a decision on delivery 2009
rbl. 72 copeck on travel from Moscow up to Kyakhta and 300 rbl. on travel from
Kyakhta up to Beijing. However about. Innokenty has gone to China another by, that
Christian missionaries since the early Middle Ages followed to the Far East.
Before departure to China about. Innokenty has visited 16-th Missions was the chapter
vl. Flaviana. According to the
iaa?-public prosecutor of the Synod archimandrite Innokenty on road to China has visited the
Western Europe, has got acquainted with work of several missionary
establishments in London, in Oxford has visited a unique Protestant missionary
monastery. In Paris it has familiarized with work of the missionary seminary
prepared experts for work in the Far East, in Rome has examined a monastery
trapistov (molchalnikov). On Athos about.
Innokenty hoped to
find the devotees, ready to go to the Far East with Orthodox mission, but among
local monks was not wishing to go to China. Last stop of the Chief of
Mission on a way to a new place of service became visiting the Sacred
Earth in Palestin. In the spring 1897 archimandrite Innokenty has arrived to China, on road it has
visited Shanghai and on March, 1st, 1897 has arrived to Tianjin, whence has
proceeded to Beijing.
In the end of XIX century the Russian Spiritual Mission in Beijing had not the
best times. On the staff approved in 1876, in structure of Mission
there was an archimandrite, 3 ieromonaha, the priest, katehizator and 3 pupils of the Chinese language.
16-th spiritual Mission (1878-1884) was headed by archimandrite Flavian
(Gorodetsky). " During the short period nachalstvovanija this hierarch activity of our
missionaries had character mainly o?aii-publishing " 6. Mission was not simply small, but during some periods in
Beijing there was from missionaries only one archimandrite Flavian. Greater
achievement of Mission was the beginning of orthodox divine service in Beijing in
the Chinese language. In 1882 the first Chinese, Mitrofan TSzi, has been imposed by prelate Nikolay Japonskim
in priests. In the chapter of 17-th Mission (1884-1896) there was archimandrite
During this period activity of Mission is reduced up to a minimum, the number of
its members was from time to time reduced up to 2 person. From achievements of
this period it is necessary to note expansion of geography of activity of
Mission, opening of new churches and arrivals.
The Condition of the Russian Spiritual Mission in Beijing by the end of XIX
century was those, that it could not to the full even serve spiritual need of
not numerous Russian population for China. The consul in Fuzhou N.A. Priests complained to the
envoy in 1895, that for the past of 13 years Spiritual Mission only sent the
member, ieromonaha Amfilohija to this port
twice 7. There was no constant priest even in Tianjin.
Hardly solved problems with maintenance with clerics of already
constructed churches. In consular church in Urge the constant staff has been appointed only in
1892 from clergy of the Transbaikalian diocese, in conducting the Beijing
Spiritual Mission this church has been transferred even later. In the orthodox
church constructed in 1885 in Hankow the constant priest has been appointed also
only in 1892, however in consequence of scandal it has soon left arrival, and on
its place with transfer in structure of Spiritual Mission there has arrived
priest N.P.Shastin from Urgi, in the future become by an outstanding
missionary. In 1894 the orthodox temple contained up to 80 person and had wing
for the priest and the watchman, has been constructed in Kalgan. The church has
been transferred in conducting Orthodox Russian Mission in Beijing, but and has
not received the priest, before destruction per 1900 there sometimes came ieromonah from Beijing. In other
regions of China where there was a Russian population, orthodox churches and
priests were not, even in Sintszjane. In 1899 the reference to chairman of the
Missionary society Moscow with the request for assignment for construction of
church in Kuldzhe and
sending there ieromonaha
remains to metropolitan without satisfaction 8.
Up to the end of XIX century the Russian Spiritual Mission was not engaged in
active missionary activity in China. Missionaries did not trust in an
opportunity of a wide circulation of Orthodoxy and christianity in general in
the Chinese society. The remark of the Chief of group of courts testifies to it
in Pacific ocean A.B.Aslanbegova: " my question when China will become the
Christian state O.Flavian has answered: " Never ". I on it cannot agree...
" 9. Absence at Spiritual Mission in Beijing opportunities, means
and desire actively to be engaged missionary activity in China has led to that
to the end of XIX century in huge territory of the Central and East Asia, among
the various people stood at different steps of social development, was not
conducted what orthodox missionary work. In China was less than 500 orthodox
Chineses, the most part from which adhered to christianity not owing to works of
missionaries, and by virtue of traditions or official duties. Thus, Innokenty to Beijing could take
advantage of the huge store of knowledge which has been saved up by missionaries
in studying of China, but Mission had no rich traditions of the missionary work,
only the first experience of service in the Chinese language and works of the
Chinese priest and katehizatorov.
From first days of the service in Beijing archimandrite Innokenty was accepted to
business. On March, 22nd, 1897 Innokenty has accepted the capitals of the Beijing
Mission stored the Beijing office Hong Kong-Shanghai of bank - 14 674 lan, documents on the grounds
and property of Mission. 10. First of all it by means of a merchant and the devotee
of Russian business in China A.D.Startseva, has opened a printing house and a
binding workshop. Innokenty Figurovsky understood, that without a printed word
the active sermon is not possible, and serious work demands knowledge of the
Chinese culture and generalization of all experience of the Russian and foreign
missionaries and scientists. The chapter of Mission at once has started studying
the Chinese language and has organized work on drawing up of dictionaries and I
shall translate into the Chinese language of the divine service literature.
Later " Chinese Blagovestnik " marked: " the Chief of Mission
happening behind services as daily on morning and evening, having studied the
Chinese language, has nowadays finished the edition of the monumental full
?onnei-Chinese dictionary " 11.
Soon heavy test was necessary to the new Chief of Mission: archimandrite
Innokenty seriously was ill. More than two months it has lead in hospital and to
sanatoria in territory of Japan, whence has returned only in October, 1897 Test
has given Innokentiju new
forces and it with even greater energy has borrowed in missionary work. Per 1898
to Beijing there have arrived adherents and the future reliable assistants to the
Chief of Mission, ieromonah Avraamy (CHasovnikov) and diakon Century Skrizhalin. It is Enough to tell, that Avraamy, become on long years "
the right hand " Innokentija, was the graduate of the Imperial
Academy of arts and the Petersburg Archeologic institute and before arrival to
Beijing has ended in Kazan Missionary rates on the Mongolian branch.
In 1898 archimandrite Innokenty has bought some sites of the ground under
the future missionary establishments. On seacoast about the city of Junpinfu
Mission has bought two desjatiny the grounds, on donations of merchant
Batueva. Vl. Innokenty has arranged a monastery nearby Bejtajhe (Pejtajho), in place TSzinshantszui. Within
summer-dawn 1898 the church, stavshae for many years by the center of missionary
work in northern part of capital province CHzhili there has been constructed. In the summer
1898 Mission has got in eternal rent a site of the ground near country European
settlement Kulin in a province of Jiangxi, about Hankow. For the lack of forces,
this purchase was used only in the material purposes, the ground leased sites
under a condition eksterritorialnosti, consul A.S.Vahovich disposed of
the real estate.
The First years of service about. Innokentija (Figurovskogo) in Beijing have fallen to the heaviest
for christianity in China time. Still on the eve, during war of China with
Japan, there was a threat for Russian in capital area Tsinskoj of empire. In
November, 1894 has been brought a attention to the question on possible
departure of the envoy from Beijing, A.P.Kassini has addressed to S.P.Tyrtovu with
the request to prepare for a landing from 25 - 30 sailors for protection of the
Russian diplomatic mission in Beijing 12. During war in Kalgan hearings that vinovnitsej wars Russia is
began to extend, about Russian houses crowds began to gather and to threaten
Russian with punishment. AntiRussian excitements in Kalgan have stopped only
after the imperial decree sent from Beijing, speaking that Russian help China, and
declaring about punishment of those who distributes false hearings. In 1895 the
adviser of Minister for Foreign Affairs V.N.Lamzdorf has noted in the diary: "
the Telegram from column Kassini, our envoy in China, datirovannaja... On February,
3rd (15), draws position in the most gloomy paints. In the near future it is
possible to expect overthrow of a dynasty, the general disorder of empire and
beating of foreigners " 13.
In 1897, when about. Innokenty has arrived to Beijing, intensity slept and
there was a good situation for development of the ?onnei-Chinese attitudes. The
allied contract and a package of bilaterial agreements have caused interaction
of two people and cultures. To China went to work experts, interest of Chineses
to Russian culture has considerably quickened, Russian engineers and technics
have appeared in Manchuria and Sintszjane, military instructors in CHzhili, the Chinese students
for the first time have arrived to Petersburg. Peak of rise of the
?onnei-Chinese rapproachement became magnificent reception in Beijing Russian
delegation led by E.E.Ukhtomsky in May, 1897
The Favorable period proceeded not long. To the beginning 1898 bilaterial
attitudes have worsened because of Port Arthur, and infinite concessions of
China to the western powers have caused growth of antiforeign moods.
In 1898 in a management of empire Tsinskoj has burst crisis, various groupings
have tried to put into practice the recipes of disposal of the
country from " overseas devils ". The initiative in management of China for some
time has passed to the young emperor Guansjuja who has sided with
reformers and tried to be released from trusteeship of old empress
Tsysi. The grouping of reformers adhered to antiRussian moods, carry of capital
of China to area of Shanghai was planned even. In September, 1898 both
palace groupings have opposed foreign intervention, but under a
pretext of protection of the country from Europeans have begun escalation of
military opposition, than and have accelerated an outcome.
Empress Tsysi has returned to itself all completeness of authority and has
supported conservatives, but it, contrary to expectations, has led to growth of
antiRussian moods in a management of China that has proved to be true the begun
personnel rearrangements in province CHzhili.
Russia did not interfere with struggle in a management of China. The
Russian Charge d'Affaires in Beijing A.P.Paul for the first time has
informed in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on reforms Guansjuja only in the end of
summer, in 3 months after their beginning. But in the Chinese society the
events occured at the Court yard have been apprehended as
intrigues of foreigners. In September, 1898, next day after execution of
six active supporters of reforms, in Beijing there were the antiforeign
performances supported by armies of general Donne Fusjana.
Powers have answered it with sending of the military ships on spot-check
of fortress Dagu, in the
end of September, 1898 on coast the European landings, including Russian
of group, by number about hundred person, English and German have been
landed. Number of Russian shchtrjada made nearby 100 person. On October,
1st Russian seamen and cossacks under command of lieutenant A.N.Neyelov and
have held posts in Beijing. Has left the Chinese capital Russian landing
only on March, 22nd, 1899, After have been disengaged armies Donne Fusjana and
antiRussian provocations have stopped.
The Time calm in Beijing did not mean stabilization of a situation in China. At
this time in the next province Shandong antiChristian movement ihetuanej (boxers) has begun,
and in Manchuria antiRussian performances were developed. In the spring 1900
movement ihetuanej has
extended in capital province CHzhili and pereraslo in mass revolt against Christians and
foreigners. In Beijing there was a set of the leaflets which have declared: "
Nowadays the sky having become angry with Jesus's doctrine that it offends
spirits, destroys sacred (konfutsianskoe) the doctrine and does not esteem
the Buddhism, has cleaned a rain and has sent 8 000 000 heavenly soldiers for
destruction of foreigners " 14. All efforts of foreign powers to force authorities of
China to accept effectual measures against risen and independently to stop
development of revolt have not led to success. In May revolt has captured all
capital province, on May, 23rd ihetuani began to enter into Beijing and to be united
in active armed forces, the father of the successor tsinskogo a throne has called people for destruction
of foreigners, and on June, 4th, 1900 foreign armies have developed operations
against armed forces of empire Tsinskoj.
Archimandrite Innokenty up to the last, despite of danger to a
life, supported the Chinese flock. In the spring 1900 it has visited remote
missionary stan in Bejtajhe. In the end of May
when already there were victims not only among the Chinese Christians, but the
European missionaries, Innokenty left in the village Dundinan located in 50
versts from Beijing. O.Arhimandrit has visited families of peasants, has lead
service in local church, it could not rescue the orthodox flock from punishment
of religious fanatics, but has made all from it depending to support their
spirit during tragical time for Christians. Up to the last Innokenty refused to leave
Spiritual Mission and to pass under protection of Russian group to territory of
embassy. Doctor V.V.Korsakov recollected: "... In the morning on 26-th of May
the Russian envoy in Beijing M.N.Girs has personally gone to archimandrite about.
convinced it to leave Mission... After long belief about. Archimandrite has
agreed... " 15. Archimandrite Innokenty, having received guarantees of
the Chinese authorities of safety of Spiritual Mission, having taken with itself
only valuable church utensils and image Svt. Nikolay, together with ieromonahom Avraamiem and diakonom V.P.Skrizhalinym has
moved to the Russian diplomatic mission.
The Summer 1900 became the hardest test for Vl. Innokentija, on its eyes everything was destroyed,
that has been created by its works and its predecessors. The farmstead of the
Russian Spiritual Mission with library, an almshouse and schools has been
destroyed in the evening on May, 31st, under the certificate of eyewitnesses the
Chinese soldiers left by authorities for protection of the Russian property have
taken part in its plunder. Russian cemetery has soon been burnt, monuments are
destroyed, tombs are dug also bones pochivshih thrown out from tombs. In 1900 churches
in Dongdingan, Beidahe and Kalgan have been
completely destroyed. Risen in May - July, 1900 have tortured to death of 222
orthodox Chineses among which there was also first Chinese priest Mitrofan Tszi.
Archimandrite Innokenty together with other members of Spiritual Mission,
Shastinym and Avraamiem
V.P.Skrizhalinym, etc., and also Chineses Christians has gone through bi-monthly
osadu diplomatic quarter.
Ambassadorial quarter was defended with the incorporated forces of foreigners
number nearby 450 person, they protected from punishment more than thousand
civilians of foreigners and more than three thousand Chinese Christians. The
Most part of civilians including Russian it was covered in English embassy, but
archimandrite Innokenty has remained with Russian group. The Russian embassy in
the summer 1900 defended group in structure of 74 seamen, 7 cossacks of an
ambassadorial escort and about 10 volunteers. Within June besieged
conducted heavy fights, there was a moment when Russian embassy even has been
left, then is again returned, defenders sustained losses. The hospital for
wounded men has been arranged in English embassy, but first aid during fight in
territory of Russian Mission appeared Archimandrite Innokentiem. Owing to its
skill and courage the most part of wounded men has been rescueed and has
returned in build. Not for defenders of mission spiritual support had smaller
value also, about that psychological loading for the people who have appeared in
a situation was however heavy speak many facts. So during osady ambassadorial quarter has
lost mind the Norwegian missionary, has run out to Chineses and the employee of
the ?onnei-Chinese bank was missing. In total in time osady in Russian group was lost 5 person, two has
died and up to 19 person it has been wounded.
On August, 1st, 1900 Russian armies under command of general N.P.Linevicha
together with allies storm have taken Beijing. As TSinsky the court yard has left the Chinese capital
the management of Russia has made a decision temporarily to translate diplomatic
mission in Tianjin and to disengage armies. To the middle of October from
Russian armies in Beijing has remained only a mouth strelkov and 10 cossacks. The Russian authorities
did not consider possible to allow to remain to orthodox missionaries in the
Chinese capital, the Russian Spiritual Mission under the order of the envoy in
September has left to Tianjin. Together with about. Innokentiem Beijing without means of subsistence was
left by 70 orthodox Chineses. However tests have not broken vl. Innokentija. Despite of losses and moods in a
management of Russia it has not refused the Mission. In Tianjin in the autumn
1900 missionaries have bought a court yard in the Chinese city, 16 rooms and a
site of the ground on which have erected constructions. Soon there the school
for the Chinese children has been opened.
Influential forces in a management of Russia did not wish to risk the
material and political interests in China because of Orthodox Mission. From
Petersburg the order has come to leave China to Port Arthur or to Siberia.
However archimandrite Innokenty has not executed this order, orthodox
missionaries have not left the flock in Beijing and Tianjin. The Chief of
Spiritual Mission for continuation of missionary activity has decided to move on
the south of China. In October, 1900 archimandrite Innokenty with two Chinese
orphans has gone to Shanghai where has got a site of the ground and the house.
In March, 1901 the set of Chineses in orthodox school in Shanghai has begun. So,
in difficult for christianity and orthodox missionary work in China time
archimandrite Innokenty has put in pawn the new center of Orthodox church in
China. It recognize and modern Chinese historians confirm 16.
At this time the destiny of the Russian Spiritual Mission in Beijing was solved
in Petersburg. Archimandrite Innokenty in July, 1901 has been caused to Russia
for the decision of a question on the full termination of Orthodox missionary
activity in China. Before to leave China the Chief of Mission has returned in
CHzhili, the school in
Shanghai has been left on care diakona Sergija the Tub. In Beijing about. Innokenty has bought around of
Northern farmstead for Mission 36 fanz and the princely house. Mission in Beijing has
been left on care ieromonaha Avraamija, vl. Innokenty was in time before departure has gone in
Bejtajhe where its
diligence restoration of the destroyed temple has begun.
In Petersburg Innokentiju it was necessary to do greater work,
however it managed to break moods of authorities. From a question of closing of
Mission again have returned to an old problem - obhodimosti opening in China episcopal faculty.
Before the question on creation of episcopal faculty in Beijing twice rose, in the
beginning of XVIII century and in 1861 In 1721 on a place of bishop in
Beijing has been appointed vl. Innokenty (Kulchitssky), named and imposed in bishop
Pereslavskogo. But the first bishop and did not manage to reach Beijing, faculty
in China to open it was not possible. In 1863 the decision on opening faculty
again was accepted, but there were no means, and probably there was no the
person, capable to realize this decision. In January, 1902 in Petersburg again
have started consideration of the offer " to charge management of church affairs
in Manchuria and in general in China to the Chief of our Spiritual Mission in
Beijing with its erection in a dignity of Bishop " 17.
On April, 6th, 1902 the imperial decree the Chief of Spiritual Mission in
Beijing received a dignity of bishop with assignment of the name "Pereslavsky", according to the
name of the first bishop appointed to China in 1721 the Annual maintenance of
Mission has been increased by one thousand with small roubles and certain in 16
800 rbl. on June, 3rd, 1902 in Aeaenaia?i-Neva laurels about. Innokenty (Figurovsky) has been erected
in a dignity of bishop Pereslavskogo. To the beginning of July, 1902 vl. Innokentiju it was possible to generate final
structure of Mission in quantity 34 person among which was four with the
academic formation, and also 10 novices, masterovye and so forth Together with bishop
Innokentiem to China have gone ieromonahi Simon, the Neophyte and Pimen, diakon Nile Milyutin, ierodiakon Simon, psalomshchik Illarion Turkevich and others.
On July, 8th, 1902 members of Mission, have left Petersburg on the east by
rail in two specially given for them, cars. Soon newspapers native for Innokentija have informed the
Yenisei province: " Travel from Petersburg to Beijing 21 with. July in Krasnoyarsk
the Chief of the Beijing Spiritual Mission preosvjashchennyj Innokenty " stopped 18. By rail Mission has reached to Port Arthur and on
August, 13th has arrived to Beijing. Bishop Innokenty together with the colleagues
has lodged near to ruins of a farmstead of the Russian Spiritual Mission in
1 The State archive of Krasnoyarsk region (GAKK). O.819 " the Yenisei
spiritual board " Ii.1. A.682. " Metric books of rural establishments for
1863-1866 ". E.3ia.
O.236 " Balahtinskaja
Vvedenskaja church ".
Ii.1. A.100. E.52.
3 The Yenisei Eparchial Sheets. 1902. ? 7. N.201.
4 The Yenisei Eparchial Sheets. 1886. ? 1. N.15.
5 The Russian state historical archive (RGIA). O.796 " the Sacred
Synod ". Ii.177. A.3351. E.1.
6 Korostovets I.Kitajtsy and
their civilization. SPb., 1898. N.409.
7 Archive of foreign policy of Russian empire (AVPRI). O.143 " the Chinese
table ". A.416. E.21.
F. 188 " mission in Beijing
". A.811. E.79.
9 The Russian state archive of navy fleet (RGAVMF). O.41. Ii.1. A.38.
10 RGIA. O.796. Ii.177. A.3351. E.4.
11 Chinese Blagovestnik. 1910. Aui.8. N.25.
12 RGAVMF. O.650. Ii.1. A.110. E.150.
13 Lamzdorf V.N.diar
1894-1896., 1991. N.140.
14 AVPRI. O.143. A.764. E.34.
15 Korsakov V.V.Beijing of
event. SPb., 1901. p.183.
16 Van CHzhichen. Shanghai etsjao shi (History of the Russian emigrants in Shanghai).
Shanghai, 1993. With. 391.
17 AVPRI. O.143. A.172. E.2.
18 The Yenisei provincial sheets. 1902 on July, 26th.